Textile

apparel assorted knitting weaving Textile is a type of material composed of natural or synthetic fibres. Types of textiles include animal-based material such as wool or silk, plant-based material such as linen and cotton, and synthetic material such as polyester and rayon. Textiles are often associated with the production of clothing.

Timeline of Manmade Fibers

fiber A useful filament was not produced until the last part of the 19th century, when Swann and de Chardonnet extruded a solution of cellulose nitrate (collodion) through small holes (spinnerets). These pioneer manmade fibres were replaced by rayon fibres which were spun from an alkaline cellulose xanthate solution (viscose), which were in turn supplemented by cellulose acetate and many synthetic fibres.

Bearing Structure of a Weaving Machine

fabric weaving The weaving machines are composed of two side frames in cast iron or steel, which are connected each other by cross members so as to create a firm bearing structure which can limit the vibrations and offer a good stability.

Quality and Uses of Stitch Types

apparel

Open-End Spinning

spinning spun-yarn yarn The first functioning of rotor spinning ,machine was presented at the ITMA in 1967.Yarn spinning according to the rotor spinning principle predominates for all non conventional spinning methods.It omits the step of forming a roving.After drafting, the sliver is fed into a rotary beater.This device ensures that the fibers are beaten into a thin supply which enters a duct and gets deposited on the sides of the disc(rotor).The transportation of the fibers is achieved through air currents.

Fusing Technology

apparel Garment manufacturing cannot be imagined without fusing these days. Fusing could therefore be expected to have become a matured technology by now. Changes in the material, in quality expectations and textile care methods entail more and more unpleasant problems, which are often realized after an entire batch of defective pieces has been produced. Fusing technology where by the interlining is bonded to the outer fabric by means of a thermoplastic adhesive resin which can be bonded to another fabr

Purchase Department

apparel The purchasing department in a garment company is similar to the sourcing department but the main difference is that the sourcing department works for sourcing the fabrics alone while the purchasing department works for sourcing the accessories and trims.

How wool is made?

fiber Wool is possibly the oldest fiber known to humans. It was one of the first fibers to be spun into yarn and woven into fabric.

Special Weaving Machines

fabric weaving Weaving machines used for manufacturing terry fabrics, double velvets and narrow fabrics are categorized in special weaving machines. Some of the examples of such machines are terry weaving machines, double velvet weaving machines, ribbon weaving machines etc.

Types of Plackets

apparel Plackets are particularly seen in women's garments which have a good fit. They are usually found near the writs, neckline, waist line and other comfort fitting parts of the garment. These are finished openings which are normally kept closed (to have a tight fit) and are opened only while wearing or taking off the garment. Fastneres like zippers, buttons, buttonholes, hooks are used in keeping the plackets closed.